DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20214405

Knowledge, perception and willingness to receive the current COVID-19 vaccine among residents of Awka metropolis, Anambra State, Nigeria

Chikaodili N. Obi-Ezeani, Obianuju U. Ilechukwu, Ifeoma J. Onuora, Georgina N. Umeaba, Amuche L. Onuike, Onyema A. Onyegbule, Nkolika M. Muoneke, Ijeoma J. Nwagbara, Obiageli E. Nnoruka, Malachi O. Odo

Abstract


Background: Vaccines can effectively reduce most morbidities and mortalities caused by infectious agents. The emergence of the COVID-19 vaccine may be accompanied with huge success in containing the pandemic. The aim of the study was to assesses knowledge, perception and willingness to receive the current COVID-19 vaccine among residents in Awka metropolis, Anambra State, Nigeria.

Methods: Using a pre-tested semi-structured questionnaire, this study was conducted in Awka metropolis Anambra State, Nigeria among 393 respondents (aged 18 years and above), and analyzed to assess their knowledge, perception and willingness to receive the current COVID-19 vaccine. Statistical package for social sciences software (SPSS) version 23.0 was used, descriptive statistics were reported in frequencies and percentages, Chi-square test was used to assess the association between socio-demographic characteristics and willingness to receive the vaccine, and level of significance was set at p<0.05.

Results: The results showed that all respondents (100%) have good knowledge of the vaccine availability. Only 25.7% were willing to receive the vaccine, although 57.3% were willing to receive any other vaccine apart from the COVID-19 vaccine. Very few respondents (18.3%) thinks the vaccine is accessible to all. Most of the respondents (72%) did not support mandatory implementation of COVID-19 vaccine in Nigeria. Among the socio-demographic characteristics, only occupation was significantly associated with willingness to receive the vaccine (p=0.010, χ2=20.214).  

Conclusions: This study highlighted the need to effectively educate the masses through appropriate public health literacy programs and enlightenment campaigns on the role of the vaccine in curbing this pandemic.


Keywords


COVID-19, Vaccine, Willingness, Perception

Full Text:

PDF

References


Nicola M, Alsafi Z, Sohrabi C, Kerwan A, Jabir A, Iosifidis C, et al. The socio-economic implications of the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19): A review. Int J Surg. 2020;78:185-93.

Felter C. What is the world doing to create COVID-19 vaccine? Council on Foreign Relations, 2020. Available at: https://www.cfr.org/backgrounder/whatworlddoing-create-covid-19-vaccine. Assessed on 08 August 2021.

Reuben RC, Danladi MMA, Saleh DA, Ejembi PE. Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Towards COVID-19: An Epidemiological Survey in North-Central Nigeria. J Community Health. 2021;46(3):457-70.

Adenubi OT, Adebowale OO, Oloye AA, Bankole NO, Ajayi PO, Akinloye AK. University Community-Based Survey on the Knowledge, Attitude and Perception about COVID-19 Pandemic: The Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria as a Case Study. Preprints. 2020;060185.

Paterson P, Meurice F, Stanberry LR, Glismann S, Rosenthal SL, Larson HJ. Vaccine hesitancy and healthcare providers. Vaccine. 2016;34(52):6700-6.

Thunstrom L, Newbold S, Finnoff D, Ashworth M, Shogren JF. The Benefits and Costs of Flattening the Curve for COVID-19. Forthcoming J Benef Cost Ana. 2020.

Josiah BO, Kantaris M. Perception of Covid-19 and Acceptance of Vaccination in Delta State, Nigeria. Nigerian Health J. 2021;21(2):60-86.

Ekwebene OC, Obidile VC, Azubuike PC, Nnamani CP, Dankano NE, Egbuniwe MC. COVID-19 Vaccine Knowledge and Acceptability among Healthcare Providers in Nigeria. Int J Trop Dis Health. 2021;42(5):51-60.

Oriji PC, Allagoa DO, Obagah L, Tekenah ESE, Ohaeri OS, Atemie G. Perception about covid-19 vaccine among patients at the Federal Medical Centre, Yenagoa, South-South Nigeria. Int J Res Med Sci. 2021;9:1281-7.

Figueiredo A, Simas C, Karafillakis E, Paterson P, Larson HJ. Mapping global trends in vaccine confidence and investigating barriers to vaccine uptake: a large-scale retrospective temporal modelling study. Lancet. 2020;396(10255):898-908.

Donald NE, SAGE Working Group on Vaccine Hesitancy. Vaccine hesitancy: definition, scope and determinants. Vaccine. 2015;33(34):4161-4.

Sadique MZ, Devlin N, Edmunds WJ, Parkin D. The effect of perceived risks on the demand for vaccination: results from a discrete choice experiment. PLoS One. 2013;8(2):54149.

Schaffer DS, Pudalov NJ, Fu LY. Planning for a Covid-19 Vaccination Program. JAMA. 2020;323(24):2458-9.

Amakiri PC, Ogbodo JC, Chude FC, Offor VO, Anoka KC, Olisakwe SC, et al. Willingness to Accept a Potential COVID-19 Vaccine in Nigeria. Am J Med Sci Med. 2021;9(1):1-5.

Jegede AS. What led to the Nigerian boycott of the polio vaccination campaign?. PLoS Med. 2007;4:73.

Zewude B, Habtegiorgis T. Willingness to Take COVID-19 Vaccine Among People Most at Risk of Exposure in Southern Ethiopia. Pragmat Obs Res. 2021;12:37-47.