DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20214412

Spectrum of different pathologies in cytology coming to a tertiary care centre: an experience over one-year duration

Shaoor Nazish, Alok Kumar, Bejoy Chandra Banerjee

Abstract


Background: The aim of the study was to study the pattern of pathologies identified on Fine needle aspiration (FNA) in a tertiary hospital in Dhanbad, Jharkhand during the period July 2020 to July 2021, as well as to identify the profile of patients undergoing the procedure at our hospital.

Methods: The data pertaining to the details of the patients who underwent FNA evaluation from the period July 2020 to July 2021 at a tertiary hospital located in Dhanbad, Jharkhand, was analysed to determine the age and sex distribution of the patients and the distribution of pathologies diagnosed on FNA.

Results: The female gender was predominant (54%; 64 out of 118 patients) among the patients who underwent FNAC. A majority of the patients were in the age group of 20 to 50 years. Lymph node aspiration (reactive and granulomatous lymphadenitis) was predominant in our series (40%; 47 cases out of 118 FNA evaluations). Lipoma was the third most common diagnosis (12.7%; 15 out of 118 FNA evaluations).

Conclusions: FNA evaluation is a quick, easy, relatively non-traumatic, and, in expert hands, a reliable method of diagnosing the pathology. Reactive lymph node hyperplasia granulomatous lymphadenitis and lipoma were three most common cases in our series.


Keywords


FNAC, Granulomatous lymphadenitis, Incidence of pathologies, Reactive hyperplasia, Lipoma

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