Published: 2021-11-26

Risk factors and mortality profile of post neonatal deaths; 1 month to 1 year, in a rural medical college hospital, South India

Kuppan Balamurugan, Rajangam Ponprabha, Veeramani Sivashankari


Background: Infant mortality is the most important indicator which reflect country growth standards and development. This study was aimed to assess the risk factors and clinical profile of post neonatal deaths, admitted in PICU, government Villupuram medical college.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was done on post neonatal mortality data by pediatric department of government Villupuram medical college, Mundiyambakkam from January 2019 to December 2020, referral and LAMA patients were excluded from study. Data was analyzed using SPSS 18.0

Results: Overall post neonatal mortality was 7.3%. Mortality amongst boys were 28 (41.1%) and girls were 40 (58.8%). Mortality of female babies were higher than male babies.

Among the 68 post neonatal deaths, maximum number of mortalities was seen in 1-3 months (61.9%), maximum within 24 hours of hospital stay (54.4%), 37 cases (54.4%) were referred from GHPHC and private practitioners of the nearby districts, 28 babies (41.1%) had previous admissions, 22 babies had SNCU admissions and 6 babies had pediatric admissions. Three most common causes of mortality were bronchopneumonia, sepsis and acute CNS infections. Congenital malformations and heart disease along with failure to thrive are other causes of morbidity.

Conclusions: Analysis reflects the disease occurrence, treatment modalities and quality of treatment available. Treatment at primary level can prevent postnatal deaths from infections. The preventive and primary health care system should be strengthened. All special newborn care units (SNCU) discharged babies should have both community and district early intervention centre (DEIC) follow up, immunization practices, explaining danger signs to the parents, improving the quality of life has got great impact on the post neonatal outcome.


Post neonate, Infant mortality rate, Pneumonia, Sepsis, SNCU, DEIC

Full Text:



SRS bulletin, may 2020, office of the registrar general, India. 2018;53:1

Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) (per 1000 live births). NITI Aayog, (National institution of transforming India), Government of India. 2018. Available at: Accessed 28 March 2018.

National Family Health Survey. 2018. Available at: Accessed 10 April 2018.

Prasad BG. Social classification of Indian families. J Indian Med Assoc. 1968;51:365-6.

Prasad BG. Changes proposed in the social classification of Indian families. J Indian Med Assoc. 1970;55:198-9.

Tiwari VK, Ali H. Post neonatal mortality in a tertiary care center at Garhwal Uttrakhand: a retrospective study of 10 years. Int J Contemp Pediatr. 2018;5:2161-6.

Shah M, Khalique N, Khan Z, AmirA. A community-based study of infant mortality in rural Aligarh. Australas Med J. 2011;4(1):22-5.

Reza GS, Namakin K, Mehrjoofard H. An epidemiological study on infant mortality and factors affecting it in rural areas of Birjand, Iran. Iran j pediatr. 2008;18(4):335-42.

Selvakumar R, Reghupathy P. Mortality pattern of children admitted in rural medical college. Congenital Heart Dis. 2017;14:18-9.

Deenadayalan DDM. Mortality Pattern among Hospitalized Children (29 days to 12 years) at a Tertiary Care Hospital in South India. J Med Sci Clin Res. 2017;05:19362-8.

Roy RN, Nandy S, Shrivastava P, Chakraborty A, Dasgupta M, Kundu TK. Mortality pattern of hospitalized children in a tertiary care hospital of Kolkata. Indian J Community Med. 2008;33(3):187.

Patil SW, Godale LB. Mortality pattern of hospitalized children in a tertiary care hospital in Latur: a record based retrospective analysis. Nat J Community Med. 2013;4(1):96.

Naik JD, Dolare JR, Jatti GM, Digole DN, Sharma SK, Mathurkar MP. Mortality pattern among hospitalised children in a tertiary care hospital of Western Maharashtra. Int J Gen Med Pharm IJGMP. 2014;3(6):7-12.

Causes of neonatal and child mortality in India: nationally representative mortality survey. Lancet. 2010;376 (9755):1853-60.