Indonesian strategy in reducing Aedes aegypty diseases in ASEAN economic community era

Ramadhan Tosepu, Devi Savitri Effendy, Hartati Bahar


Indonesia is one of the countries that has a very strategic role in the ASEAN region. The state of readiness of Indonesia in ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) 2015 will involve all elements of the society due to very large population. Economically, Indonesia should be able to compete with ASEAN countries, and human resources should also be prepared. On the other hand, shifts and movements of the people between countries will be increased, this could be a threat for the country. However, those who are ready with the human resources, it might be a positive value, otherwise, it might be a weakness for unprepared countries. AEC era is not only economic power that should be concerned, but also health problems that should be a priority. Nowadays, the Aedes aegypti cases are still high in Indonesia. This paper aims to describe the strategies to reduce the disease, which also be a focus of government.


ASEAN Economic Community, Aedes aegypti

Full Text:



ASEAN. ASEAN Economic Community Blueprint. ASEAN Secretariat, 2014, Jakarta.

ASEAN. Thinking Globally, Prospering Regionally ASEAN Economic Community 2015. ASEAN Secretariat, 2014, Jakarta.

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Modul Pengendalian Demam Berdarah Dengue. Direktorat Jenderal Pengendalian Penyakit Dan Penyehatan Lingkungan, 2011, Jakarta.

Williams CR, Bader CA, Kearney MR, Ritchie SA, Russell RC. The Extinction of Dengue through Natural Vulnerability of Its Vectors. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2010;4(12):e922. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0000922.

Sungkar S. Pemberantasan Demam Berdarah Dengue: Sebuah Tantangan yang Harus Dijawab. Majalah Kedokteran Indonesia, Volume: 57, Nomor: 6 Juni. 2007, Jakarta.

Wichmann O, Yoon I-K, Vong S, Limkittikul K, Gibbons RV, et al. Dengue in Thailand and Cambodia: An Assessment of the Degree of Underrecognized Disease Burden Based on Reported Cases. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2011;5(3):e996. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0000996.

Carrasco LR, Lee LK, Lee VJ, Ooi EE, Shepard DS, et al. Economic Impact of Dengue Illness and the Cost-Effectiveness of Future Vaccination Programs in Singapore. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2011;5(12):e1426.doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.000142.

BPS. Statistics of Indonesia. 2015. Jakarta. Available from

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Profil Kesehatan Indonesia. 2014. Jakarta. Available from

Hotez PJ, Bottazzi ME, Strych U, Chang L-Y, Lim YAL, Goodenow MM, et al. Neglected Tropical Diseases among the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN): Overview and Update. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015;9(4):e0003575. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0003575.

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Rencana Strategis Kementerian Kesehatan Indonesia 2015-2019. 2015. Jakarta.

Tomashek KM, Gregory CJ, Rivera Sa ́nchez A, Bartek MA, Garcia Rivera EJ, et al. Dengue Deaths in Puerto Rico: Lessons Learned from the 2007 Epidemic. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2012;6(4):e1614. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001614.

IAKMI. Jumantik Kecil. Ikatan Ahli Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia. 2015. Available from

Chia SY. The ASEAN Economic Community: Progress, Challenges, and Prospects. ADBI Working Paper 440. 2013. Tokyo: Asian Development Bank Institute. Available: http://

Oki M, Sunahara T, Hashizume M, Yamamoto T. Optimal Timing of Insecticide Fogging to Minimize Dengue Cases: Modeling Dengue Transmission among Various Seasonalities and Transmission Intensities. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2011;5(10):e1367. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001367.

Kittrakulrat J. et al. The ASEAN economic community and medical qualification. Glob Health Action. 2014,7:24535. gha.v7.24535.