Impact of social factors on health practices of the elderly: an analytical study in rural Surendranagar

Shashwat Nagar, Noopur Nagar, S. S. Nagar, Darshan Mahyawanshi, Girija P. Kartha

Abstract


Introduction: Increased attention to health promotion and disease prevention are important for the appropriate care of the elderly. With the increasing life expectancy, a focus on preventive measures to decrease morbidity and improve quality of life in old age has also developed. To that end, health behavior and lifestyle have become important areas of concern over the last 20 years. Social factors lay a significant impact on the health practices. This study was therefore taken up to study the above factor and draw conclusions.

Aims and objectives: 1. To study the various health practices of the elderly. 2. To find out association between the socio demographic features and the prevailing health practices.

Methods: A Cross sectional analytical study was carried out. All the subjects were interviewed personally to know the details and were treated with due respect after a consent. Out of all the talukas in rural Surendranagar, Sayla was selected randomly after which Sayla village was selected in a similar manner from all the villages in the talukas.

Results: The mean age of the subjects was 68±7.5. Majority of the subjects were unemployed and illiterate (58%). Social factors like Social class, staying with children and staying in joint family were significantly associated with good health practices.

Conclusions: The Health practices of the elderly can be improved upon by large scale health education programmes which can be targeted on the age group. Patient compliance improvement can be achieved by explaining them about the disease and treatment protocol in detail at the time of their health visit.

 


Keywords


Health practices, Social factors, Geriatric, Cross sectional, Association, Health education

Full Text:

PDF

References


Lubben JE, Weiler PG, Chi I. Health practices of the elderly Poor, Am J Public Health 1989;79:731-4.

Stults BM. Preventive health care and the elderly. West J Am Med 1984;41:832-45.

Dychtwlad K (ed). Wellness and health promotion for the elderly. Rockville, MD: Aspen Systems, 1986.

Fries JF, Carpo L. Vitality and aging: Implications of the rectangular curve. New York: W.H. Freeman, 1981.

Rowe JW, Kahn RL. Human aging: Usual and successful. Science 1987;237:143-9.

Belloc NB, Breslow L. Relationship of physical health status and health practices. Prev Med 1972;1:409-21.

Wiley JA, Camacho TC. Lifestyle and future health: evidence from the Alameda County study. Prev Med 1980;9:1-21.

Wingard DL, Berkman LF, Brand RJ. A multivariate analysis of health related practices: A nine year mortality follow up of the Alameda county study. Am J Epidemiol 1982;116:765-75.

Kaplan GA, Seeman TE, Cohen RD, Knudsen LP, Guralnik J. Mortality among the elderly in Alkameda county study: behavioral and demographic risk factors. Am J Public Health 1987;77:307-12.

Dawber TR. The Framingham study: The epidemiology of atherosclerotic disease. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1980.

Kane RL, Kane RA, Arnold SB. Prevention and the elderly: risk factors. Health Serv Res 1985;19:945-1006.

Pritikin N, Cisney N. Dietary recommendations for older Americans, In: Dychtwald K (ed): Wellness and health promotion for the elderly. Rockville, MD: Aspen Systems, 1986.

Berkman LF, Syme SL. Social networks, host resistance and mortality: A nine year follow-up study of Alameda County residents. Am J Epidemiol 1979;109:186-204.

Kasl SV, Berkman LF. Some psychosocial influences on the health status of the elderly: the perspective of social epidemiology. In: Mc Gaugh JL, Kiesler KB (eds): Aging: Biology and Behavior. New York: Academic Press, 1981.

Greenbaltt M, Becerra RM, Serafetinedes EA. Social networks and mental health: an overview. Am J psychiatry 1982;139:977-84.

Ell K. Social networks, social supports, and health status: A review. Soc Serv Rev 1984;58:133-49.

Zuckerman DM, Kasl SV, Ostfeld AM. Psychosocial predictors mortality among elderly poor: The role of religion, Well-being, and social contacts. Am J Epidemiol 1984;119:410-23.

Berkman LF. The relationship of social networks and social supports to morbidity and mortality. In: Cohen S and Syme LS (eds): Social Support and Health. Orlando, FL: Academic Press, 1985.

Minkler M. Social Support and health care of the elderly. In: Cohen S, Syme LS (eds): Social Support and Health. Orlando, FL: Academic Press, 1985.

Mahajabeen Sultana Begum. Geriatric health problems and health care seeking practice among elderly people attending one selected geriatric hospital. Bangladesh J Physiol Pharmacol 2007;23(1&2):20-4.

Jabeen S. Self health care among the senior citizen attending BAAIGM, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 1998.