Effect of yoga on salivary cortisol in medical student


  • Pooja Tripathi Pandey Department of Physiology,Baba Raghavdas Medical College, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Vinay Singh Department of Physiology,Baba Raghavdas Medical College, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Devesh . Department of Physiology,Baba Raghavdas Medical College, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Jamal Haider Department of Pharmacology, Baba Raghavdas Medical College, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India




Saliva, Salivary cortisol, Stress, Yoga


Background: Yoga is a spiritual discipline for the development of a state of mental and physical health, well-being, it has also been used clinically as a therapeutic intervention. This study observes the effects of yoga poses on salivary cortisol. Salivary cortisol is potential biomarker of psychological stress. Nonetheless, psychobiological mechanisms stimulate the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPAA) can only indirectly be assessed by salivary cortisol measures. The unlike instances that control HPAA sensitivity (e.g.- hippocampus, hypothalamus, pituitary, adrenals) and their respective modulators, receptors, or binding proteins possibly will all have an effect on salivary cortisol measures. Possible fundamental mechanisms proposed leading to enhanced vagal activity and decrease cortisol. The drop in cortisol, sequentially, may give positive outcome.

Methods: Healthy medical student volunteers (N=40), males and females, ranged in age from 18 to 25 years (mean age: 23.3years), participated in the present study. They are divided in two groups one is Yoga Group and second is Control Group. Each group consist 20 subjects. Morning saliva samples were collected of both groups. Levels of cortisol in the saliva samples were determined and compared with levels in comparison samples of saliva obtained after three-month of yoga practice.

Results: In all subjects who received yoga (n=20), the change in salivary cortisol level was significant (10.27±2.54 ng/ml; 4.023±1.82ng/ml; P= 0.00); it was not so in those who were not practicing yoga (11.43±3.77ng/ml; 10.27±2.54 ng/ml; P=0.06). Salivary cortisol level significantly decreased and reacted positively to yoga practicing subjects.

Conclusions: The effort of comparing the effects of yoga on salivary cortisol seems to indicate that it is a promising modality for stress management. Everyone should practice yoga for stress management to improve their day today life because yoga as one of the approaches of stress reduction.


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How to Cite

Pandey, P. T., Singh, V., ., D., & Haider, J. (2016). Effect of yoga on salivary cortisol in medical student. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 4(11), 4995–4998. https://doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20163805



Original Research Articles