Doppler velocimetry of umbilical, and middle cerebral arteries in the prediction of fetal outcome

Sumangali P. K., Omana E. K., Shabnam S. Nambiar


Background: Doppler ultrasound offers a unique non-invasive technology for investigating fetal, feto placental and utero placental circulation Intrauterine growth restriction is associated with increased perinatal morbidity and mortality.

Methods: A hospital based descriptive study of Doppler velocimetry of umbilical Artery and Middle cerebral Artery was carried out in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Pariyaram Medical College over a period of 1 year – April 2016 to March 2017. A total of 180 patients with clinically IUGR were selected for the study. Close monitoring done with daily NST and repeated Doppler study.

Results: The S/D ratio in Umbilical artery and RI ratio of MCA is valuable for monitoring growth retarded and small for gestational age fetuses and to take decision for early termination of pregnancy. In our study, perinatal outcome is very good, only 3 NND happened. i.e., due to extreme prematurity.

Conclusions: Colour Doppler helps in detection of compromised fetuses in high risk pregnancies like PIH, IUGR and other risk factors likely to cause placental insufficiency.



Dopplerultrasound, Fetal, Fetopacental, Uteroplacental circulation

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