DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20182297

A clinicoepidemiological study of dermatoses among paediatric population

Rohini Sharma, Sameer Abrol

Abstract


Background: Alike the normal population, even paediatric population encounters various dermatological conditions. Dermatosis among paediatric population can range from acute conditions, to chronic or recurrent and does carry significant burden on quality of life. It has to be dealt separately from adults as it has different symptoms, requires different treatment as has different prognosis for the same disease as compared to adults. Aim was to study the clinico-epidemiological profile of various dermatoses prevalent among the paediatric population less than 18 years.

Methods: This was a prospective study done at a tertiary care centre of Jammu region. Paediatric patients less than 18 years of age attending the dermatology outpatient department were taken up for study. A detailed history was taken from the patient or attendants, detailed clinical examination was done. Also, laboratory investigations like KOH, gram stain, AFB stain, woods lamp, histopathological studies among others were done wherever required. The results were statistically evaluated and inferences drawn.

Results: A total of 600 children were taken up for study. Males outnumbered the females with 302 females and 298 males. Maximum no. of patients (36.8%) were in the 6-11 years age group followed by 1-5 years age group (27%). Most common dermatoses seen over all the age groups was infections and infestations (39.1%) followed by eczematous group (16%). However, the pattern of dermatoses did vary in each age group and also was determined by the climate. Many patients had more than one dermatoses.

Conclusions: This study was done to assess the burden of dematoses among paediatric population and found that various dermatoses did vary according to various age groups. Infections and infestations formed a major share.


Keywords


Burden, Dermatoses, Paediatric population

Full Text:

PDF

References


Sayal SK, Bal AS, Gupta CM. Pattern of skin diseases in pediatric age group and adolescents. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 1998;64:117-9.

Sacchidanand S, Sahana MS, Asha GS, Shilpa K. Pattern of pediatric dermatoses at a referral centre. Indian J Pediatr. 2014;81:375-80.

Karthikeyan K, Thappa DM, Jeevankumar B. Pattern of pediatric dermatoses in a referral centre in South India. Indian Pediatr. 2004;41:373-7.

Javed M, Jairamani C. Pediatric dermatology: An audit at Hamdard University Hospital, Karachi. J Pak Assoc Dermatol. 2006;16:93-6.

Jain N, Khandpur S. Pediatric dermatoses in India. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2010;76:451-4.

Sharma S, Bassi R, Sodhi MK. Epidemiology of dermatoses in children and adolescents in Punjab, India. J Pak Assoc Dermatol. 2012;22:224-30.

Ferreira FR, Nascimento LF, Cirvidiu DC. Prevalence of pediatric dermatoses in a university hospital in southeastern Brazil. An Bras Dermatol. 2011;86:477-82.

Sardana K, Mahajan S, Sarkar R, Mendiratta V, Bhushan P, Konanne RV, et al. The spectrum of skin disease among Indian children. Pediatr Dermatol. 2009;26:6-13.

Bisht JS, Rana SK, Kumari N, Aggarwal B, Mehta A, Singh R. Pattern of dermatoses in preschool children in a teaching hospital in Uttarakhand, India. Indian J Paediatr Dermatol. 2015;16:198-202.

Negi KS, Kandpal SD, Parsad D. Pattern of skin diseases in children in Garhwal region of Uttar Pradesh. Indian Pediatr. 2001;38:77-80.

Sharma RC, Mendiratta RC. Clinical profile of cutaneous infections and infestations in pediatric age group. Indian J Dermatol. 1999;44:174-8.

Jawade S A, Chugh V S, Gohil S K, Mistry A S, Umrigar DD. A clinico-etiological study of dermatoses in pediatric age group in tertiary health care center in South Gujarat region. Indian J Dermatol. 2015;60(6):635.

Nobbay B, Chakrabarty N. Cutaneous manifestation in the new-born. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 1992;58:69-72.

Baruah CM, Bhat V, Bhargava R, Garg RB. Prevalence of dermatoses in the neonates in Pondichery. Indian J Dermatology, Venereology, and Leprology. 1991 Jan 1;57(1):25.

Kulkarni ML, Singh R. Normal variants of skin in neonates. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 1996;62:83-6.

Dogra S, Kumar B. Epidemiology of skin diseases in school children: A study from northern India. Pediatr Dermato. 2003;20:470-3.

Balai M, Khare AK, Gupta LK, Mittal A, Kuldeep CM. Pattern of pediatric dermatoses in a tertiary care centre of South West Rajasthan. Indian J Dermatol. 2012;57:275-8.

Bhatia V. Extent and pattern of paediatric dermatoses in rural areas in central India. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 1997;63:22-5.

Patel JK, Vyas AP, Berman B, Vierra M. Incidence of childhood dermatoses in India. Skin Med. 2010;8:136-42.

Poudyal Y, Ranjit A, Pathak S ,Chaudhary N. Pattern of paediatric dermatoses at atertiary care hospital of western Nepal. Dermatol Res Pract. 2016;2:1-5.