DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20184891

A preliminary clinico-mycological study of dermatophytes infection

Shivanshi Tiwari, Deepesh Kumar

Abstract


Background: Superficial fungal infections are the most common skin diseases, affecting millions of people throughout the world. Aim of the study was carried out to find, the effect of seasonal variation and socio-economic status on the prevalence of dermatophytes.

Methods: A total of fifty clinically suspected cases of dermatophytosis were subjected to mycological studies.

Results: Out of which 32 (64%) were culture positive Tinea corporis was the most common clinical type followed by Tinea cruris. Tricophoton rubrum 17/32 (53.12%) was the most common isolate followed by T. mentagrophytes 9/32(28.12%), T. tonsurans 3/32(9.37%), T. verrrucosum 2/32(6.25%) and T. schoenleinii 1/32(3.12%). Most of the patients belonged to the middle socio-economic group (28/50) followed by lower socio-economic group (19/50) maximum cases of dermatophytosis were reported from June to August revealing the fact that hot and humid weather during the monsoons has a great impact on the occurrence of dermatophytosis.

Conclusions: It may therefore be concluded that dermatophytosis is now a days a serious public health problem in view of its high occurrence in the world wide population.

Keywords


Dermatophytes, Mycology, Superficial fungus

Full Text:

PDF

References


Weitzman I, Summerbell R. The dermatophytes. Clin Microbiol Res. 1995;8:240‐59.

Nweze EI. Dermatophytosis in Western Africa: a review. Pak J Biol Sci. 2010;13(13):649-56.

Singh S, Beena PM, Comparative study of different microscopic techniques and culture media for the isolation of dermatophytes Indian J Med Microbiol. 2003;21:21-4.

Noble SL, Forbes RC, Stamm PL. Diagnosis and management of common tinea infection. Ame Phy. 1998;1:58-72.

Smith EB. Topical antifungal drugs in the treatment of Tinea pedis Tinea cruris and Tinea corporis. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1993;28:24‐8.

Degreef HJ, DeDoncker PRG. Current therapy of dermatophytosis. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1994;31(3):525‐30.

Sulzberger MB, Baer RL, Hecht R. Common fungus infection of the feet and groin. Arch Dermatol. 1942;45:670-5.

Patel P, Mulla S, Patell D, Shrimalil G. A Study of superficial mycosis in South Gujarat region. National J of Com Med. 2010;1(2):1-7.

Sen SS, Rasul ES. Dematophytosis in Assam. Indian J Med Microbiol. 2006;24:77-8.

Kalra SL, Mohpatra LN. Etiology of Dermtomycosis in Delhi. Indian J Med Res. 1964;52:553-58.

Poria VC, Smuel A, Aharya KM, Tilak SS. Dermatophyte in and around Jamnagar. Ind J Dermatol Venerol Leprol. 1981;47:84-7.

Balakumar S. Epidemiology of dermatophytosis in and around Tamilnadu India. Asian Pac J Trop Dis. 2012;2(4):286-89.