DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20185389

Correlation of humeral length and its segments in a sample of Indian population: an osteological study

Saima Samoon, Mohd Saleem Itoo, Neelufur Jan, Gh. Mohd Bhat

Abstract


Background: Anthropometry measurements are very useful and have definite medico legal significance. In case of missing persons in the absence of pelvis and cranium, the remains of long bones of an individual play an important role in anthropological practice for morphometric analysis. The stature of an individual can be estimated from the humerus alone. Estimating the mean values of different segments of humerus helps in forensic and anthropometric practice. Previous studies have confirmed that humerus is one of the strongest long bones of the human skeleton and its fragments can be recorded in a forensic case. The present study was done to assess the mean values of different segments of humerus and their correlation with its length.

Methods: Seventy dry adult humerus bones (32 rights and 38 left) were collected randomly from the anatomy department. Broken bones and the bones in a poor condition were excluded from the study. The segments of the humerus were studied for morphometric analysis.

Results: All of the measurements were obtained in millimetres (mm). The measurement of the maximum length of humerus (MHH) was done by using an otseometric board and the different segments of humerus were measured by a vernier calliper (precision=0.cm). Mean and SD were calculated.

Conclusions: This study has helped us to observe the maximum length of humerus and the mean values of the different segments of humerus in a sample of Indian population. The study also suggests that there are some differences between various segments of humerus within different populations.


Keywords


Anthropometry, Humerus, Osteometric board, Venier calliper

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bhatnagar DP, Thapar SP, Batish MK. Identification of personal height from the somatometry of the hand in Punjabi males. Forensic Sci Int. 1984 Feb 1;24(2):137-41.

Hoppa RD, Gruspier KL. Estimating diaphyseal length from fragmentary subadult skeletal remains: implications for palaeodemographic reconstructions of a Southern Ontario ossuary. Am J Physical Anthropol. 1996 Jul;100(3):341-54.

Nath S, Badkur P. Reconstruction of stature from long bone lengths. Anthropologist. 2002 Apr 1;4(2):109-14.

De Mendonca MC. Estimation of height from the length of long bones in a Portuguese adult population. Am J Physical Anthropol. 2000 May;112(1):39-48.

Radoinova D, Tenekedjiev K, Yordanov Y. Stature estimation from long bone lengths in Bulgarians. J Comparative Human Biol. 2002 Jan 1;52(3):221-32.

Celbis O, Agritmis H. Estimation of stature and determination of sex from radial and ulnar bone lengths in a Turkish corpse sample. Forensic Sci Int. 2006 May 10;158(2-3):135-9.

Kate BR, Mujumdar RD. Stature estimation from femur and humerus by regression and autometry. Cells Tissues Organs. 1976;94(2):311-20.

Mysorekar VL, Verma PK, Mandedkar AN, Sarmat TC. Estimation of stature from parts of bones-lower end of femur and upper end of radius. Med Sci Law. 1980 Oct;20(4):283-6.

Steele DG, McKern TW. A method for assessment of maximum long bone length and living stature from fragmentary long bones. Am J Physical Anthropol. 1969 Sep;31(2):215-27.

Mysorekar VR, Nandedkar AN, Sarma TC. Estimation of stature from parts of ulna and tibia. Med Sci Law. 1984 Apr;24(2):113-6.

Wright LE, Vásquez MA. Estimating the length of incomplete long bones: forensic standards from Guatemala. Am J Physical Anthropol. 2003 Mar;120(3):233-51.

Albanese J, Cardoso HF, Saunders SR. Universal methodology for developing univariate sample-specific sex determination methods: an example using the epicondylar breadth of the humerus. J Archaeol Sci. 2005 Jan 1;32(1):143-52.

Akman ŞD, Karakaş P, Bozkir MG. The morphometric measurements of humerus segments. Turkish J Med Sci. 2006 Apr 21;36(2):81-5.

Desai SD, Shaik HS. A morphometric study of humerus segments. J Pharmaceut Sci Res. 2012 Oct 1;4(10):1943.

Somesh MS, Prabhu LV, Shilpa K, Pai MM, Krishnamurthy A, Murlimanju BV, et al. Morphometric study of the humerus segments in Indian population. Int J Morphol. 2011 Jan 1;29(4):1174-80.