DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20190934

A cross sectional study on the prevalence of diabetes mellitus among adult population in a peri-urban area of West Tripura, India

Kaushik Tripura, Kaushik Nag, Nabarun Karmakar, Anjan Datta, Partha Bhattacharjee

Abstract


Background: Diabetes mellitus, a major lifestyle disease is undoubtedly the most challenging public health problem of 21st century with a worldwide prevalence of 387 million (8.3%).  The objective of this study was to get an estimate of the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and associated factors in a sample of adult population in a peri-urban area of West Tripura.

Methods: In a cross-sectional study, prevalence of diabetes mellitus was found among adult population of a peri-urban area (Dukli) of west Tripura from April 2016 to May 2016. Multistage random sampling was followed to include 76 participants. Taking house as a sampling unit, every 5th house was chosen for this study. From every selected house, one adult participant was chosen by simple random sampling until desired sample size was attained. Collected data was compiled and analyzed with the help of statistical package for social sciences (SPSS 16.0.). Chi-square, Fischer exact test was applied to find out association.

Results: The mean age of the study participants was 42.21±17.65 years, comprised of 23.7% male and 76.3% female. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus was 17.1% among study participants. Diabetes was found highest in 39-58-year age group (37.5%). Males were more affected with diabetes mellitus (22.2%) compared to females (15.5%). The study also revealed a significant association of diabetes mellitus with family history of diabetes mellitus (p value 0.00).

Conclusions: Present study showed very high prevalence of diabetes mellitus among adult population. Healthy lifestyle measures might reduce burden of diabetes mellitus which could be evaluated in future research.

Keywords


Adult, Cross-sectional study, Diabetes mellitus, Healthy lifestyle, Prevalence, Public health

Full Text:

PDF

References


International diabetes federation. IDF diabetes atlas. In: IDF, eds. A Book. 6th ed. Brussels, Belgium: International Diabetes Federatio;2013.

Wild S, Roglic G, Green A, Sicree R, King H. Global prevalence of diabetes-estimates for the year 2000 and projections for 2030. Diab Care. 2004; 27 (3):1047-53.

Global report on diabetes. Executive summary2016. World health organization 2016. Available at: www.who.int/diabetes/global-report.

Joshi SR, Parikh RM. India- diabetes capital of the world: now heading towards hypertension. J Assoc Physic India. 2007;55:323-4

Kaveeshwar SA, Cornwall J. The current state of diabetes mellitus in India. Australas Med J. 2014;7(1):45.

Ramachandran A, Snehalata C, Kapur A, Vijay V, Mohan V, Das AK et al. High prevalence of Diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance in India: National urban diabetes survey: Diabetologia 2001;44:1094-01.

Schoenborn CA1, Adams PE. Health behaviors of adults: United States, 2005-2007. Vital Health Stat 10. 2010 Mar;(245):1-132.

World health organization. Hypertension control: Report of a WHO expert committee. WHO Tech. Rep. S.1996; 862: 1-83. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8669153.

Anjana RM, Deepa M, Pradeepa R, Mahanta J, Narain K, Das HK, et al. Prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes in 15 states of India: results from the ICMR–INDIAB population-based cross-sectional study. Lancet Diab Endocrinol. 2017:1-12.

Ahmad J, Masoodi MA, Ashraf M, Rashid R, Ahmad R, Ahmad A, et al. Prevalence of diabetes mellitus and its associated risk factors in age group of 20 years and above in Kashmir, India. Al Ameen J Med Sci. 2011;4(1):38-44.

Deepthi R, Chandini C, Pratyusha K, Kusum N, Raajitha B, Shetty G. Screening for Diabetes and its risk factors in rural Kolar-A community-based study. IJRDH. 2013;1(4):152-9.

Patil RS, Gothankar JS. Prevalence of Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus and associated risk factors in an urban slum of Pune city, India. NJMR. 2013;3(4):346-9.

D'Souza AM, Kundapur R, Kiran NU. A Cross sectional study to determine the prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus and its household awareness in the rural field practice areas of a medical college in Mangalore-A Pilot Study. Nitte University J Health Sci. 2015;5(3):43.

Kapoor D, Bhardwaj AK, Kumar D, Raina SK. Prevalence of diabetes mellitus and its risk factors among permanently settled tribal individuals in tribal and urban areas in northern state of sub-Himalayan region of India. Int J f Chronic Dis. 2014;2014.

Agarwal K, Vyas M, Shah B, Gupta N, Rathod D. Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in rural Ahmedabad of Gujarat-A camp based cross-sectional study. Int J Health Sci Res. 2014;4(6):20-4.

Zaman FA, Borang A. Prevalence of diabetes mellitus amongst rural hilly population of North Eastern India and its relationship with associated risk factors and related co-morbidities. J Natural Scienc Biol Med. 2014;5(2):383.