DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20191328

Clinical profile of primary hyperparathyroidism in Northeast India: a single centre experience

Dipti Sarma, Uma K. Saikia, Sonali Appaiah

Abstract


Background: A retrospective study of the presentation of primary hyperparathyroidism was done at a tertiary care centre in northeast India and was compared with variable features in other parts in India and worldwide.

Methods: The clinical presentation, biochemical parameters, radiological and histopathology findings of 27 subjects of primary hyperparathyroidism who presented to us over a period of 5 years were retrospectively analysed. Chi-square test, student t test and 'one way ANOVA' were used to compare different variables. Statistical significance was set at p<0.05.

Results: The age distribution ranged from as young as 13 years to 72 years (39±16.7). The male:female ratio was 1:1.25. The duration of symptoms at presentation ranged from 2 to 72 months (21.7±20.3). The most common presentation was bone pain in 59.2% of cases, followed by proximal myopathy (48.1%), fatigue (44.4%), abdominal pain (44.4%), constipation (11.1%), hypertension (18.5%), palpable neck swelling (22.2%), limb deformity (22.2%) and fracture (14.8%). The mean serum calcium was 12.2±0.87mg/dl. Parathyroid adenoma was localized radiologically in all patients and single adenoma was the most common cause in 96.3%. Left inferior parathyroid adenoma was the most common site of involvement in 51.8%.

Conclusions: Hyperparathyroidism at our centre in northeast India has a classic symptomatic presentation with severe bone and renal involvement and younger age at diagnosis, and equal gender distribution.


Keywords


Clinical profile, Hypercalcaemia, Northeast India, Osteitis fibrosa cystica, Parathyroid adenoma, Primary hyperparathyroidism

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