DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20192577

Random blood glucose on admission as prognostic factor for assessment of severity of acute myocardial infarction

Vibhuti Jain, Akhlesh Kumar Jain

Abstract


Background: Assessment of risk factors or prognostic markers is essential to determine the adverse outcome related to acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The aim of the present study was to examine the role of random blood glucose as prognostic marker for assessment of severity of AMI.

Methods: This prospective study was conducted on 79 patients with onset symptoms of AMI. All the patients both diabetics and non-diabetics underwent serum blood glucose estimation in the hospital. Primary endpoint of the study was all cause mortality till day 90 follow-up. The secondary end points were composite of death, reinfarction and heart failure till day 90.Mortality rate is higher in the diabetics as compared to nondiabetics.

Results: The mean age group was 55.9 years. Males (86%) outnumbered females (14%). The mean BMI was 22.3±2.83. The mean random blood glucose in the study population was 138±92.9 mg/dl (7.7±5.15 mol). Of total 79 patients, 5 were diabetics, of them 2 (40%) died. Among 79 patients, 16 patients were died during 3 months following the qualifying event, 7 had heart failure and 4 had reinfarction.

Conclusions: In patients with AMI, hyperglycemia should consider as one of the important prognostic marker to determine the adverse cardiovascular events.

Keywords


Acute myocardial infarction, Prognosis, Random blood glucose

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References


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