DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20192889

Epidemiological characteristics of deceased of Influenza A in a tertiary care hospital at Ajmer, Rajasthan, India

Mahesh Keswani, Bharat Meharda, Teena Gupta

Abstract


Background: Influenza A (H1N1) is a novel strain of the Influenza virus and is widely known as Swine Flu. It causes a respiratory illness and is very contagious. Symptoms of Influenza A (H1N1) are similar to those of the seasonal flu. First laboratory confirmed Influenza A (H1N1) case of India was reported from Hyderabad on 16th May 2009.

Methods: The study was retrospective descriptive, record-based study and carried in deceased of Influenza A (H1N1) who were admitted in Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College and Hospital, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India from 01 January 2016 to 31 December 2018.

Results: A total 1524 suspected cases were screened for Influenza A (H1N1) at JLN Medical College and Hospital, Ajmer during the period from 1st January 2016 to 31st December 2018. 294 cases were diagnosed as Influenza A (H1N1) positive and 44 died. Majority 25 (56.81%) were belonged to rural area and 30 (68.18%) females died as compare to 14 (31.18%) male.

Conclusions: Incidence and mortality is common throughout the year but it more in winter months. Mortality is high in age group of 50 years and above, females and rural area. IEC activities should be throughout year.


Keywords


Deceased, H1N1, Influenza, Pandemic

Full Text:

PDF

References


Surendra K, Vinod KA, Rahul S. A study of outbreak of swine flu (H1N1) in north -west zone of Rajasthan (current status -2015). Int J Sci Res. 2015;4(9):390-2.

Ashish J, Rupa S, Mukesh KN, Pratap BK. A death audit of H1N1 influenza cases in a tertiary care hospital in southern Rajasthan (current outbreak - 2017). National J Comm Med. 2018;9(5):380-4.

Lim BH, Mahmood TA. Influenza A H1N1 2009 (Swine Flu) and Pregnancy. J Obstetrics Gynecol India. 2011;61(4):386-93.

Iannelli V. Symptoms of Swine Flu (H1N1 Flu). Available at: https://www.verywellhealth.com/swine-flu-symptoms-2634318#complications. Accessed 18 April 2019.

Jadab CS, Arkaprabha S, Pankaj KM. Clinico-epidemiological profile of confirmed swine flu (H1N1) cases admitted at an infectious disease hospital in Kolkata, India. Int J Comm Med Pub Heal. 2016;3(8):2340-3.

Mahendra S, Savitri S. An epidemiological study of recent outbreak of Influenza A H1N1 (Swine Flu) in western Rajasthan region of India. J Med Allied Sci. 2013;3(2):48-52.

National centre for disease control. Seasonal Influenza (H1N1)-State/UT- wise, Year- wise number of cases and death from 2012 to 2019. Available at: https://ncdc.gov.in/showfile.php?lid=280. Accessed 18 April 2019.

Bharti M, Ruchi S, Pratibha S, Deepa M, Jyoti G, Atreya A, et al. Epidemiological and clinical profile of influenza A (H1N1) 2009 virus infections during 2015 epidemic in Rajasthan. Indian J Med Res. 2016:918-23.

Anupam M, Tapasi R, Anurodh SA, Mehuli S, Renu L, Sekhar C, et al. Prevalence and epidemiology of pandemic H1N1 strains in hospitals of Eastern India. J Pub Heal Epidemiol. 2010;2(7):171-4.

Bhavesh M, Gaurav D, Mallika C, Pranay J, Bhautik M, Pramod V. Epidemiological characteristics of deceased H1N1 cases in civil hospital, Gandhinagar during first quarter of 2015. National J Comm Med. 2016;7(9):777-81.