DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20194645

Assessment of diastolic function in patients with aortic valve diseases

Hamid Obaid Khadhim Al Jaaed, Kareem Mohsin Yousif, Kareem Mohsin Yousif

Abstract


Background: Valvular heart disease (VHD) are prevalent and impose significant impact on heart function. Diastolic Dysfunction (DD) is less appreciated than Systolic Dysfunction (SD). The aim of this study was to assess the Diastolic Function (DF) in patients with Aortic Valve (AV) diseases as risk factors predisposing to DD.

Methods: Cross-section study that involved 34 patients with AV diseases and other 10 controls. All patients are assessed for diastolic dysfunction by transthoracic echo Doppler study. M-mode echocardiography was used to measure cardiac dimensions and wall thickness. LV mass was measured on echocardiogram at rest.

Results: Among the 34-patients, 19 (55.8%) of them were male patients and 15(44.2%) of them were female patients. The data showed that there were 12 patients with Aortic Stenosis (AS), eight patients with AORTIC regurgitation (AR), six patients with Aortic Sclerosis (ASCL) and 8 patients with combined AR-AS. Around third of the patients (35.3%) had Grade II DD followed by grade I and Grade III. However, around 14.7 % didn’t have any dysfunction. Overall, there was 77% of the patients with AV diseases.

Conclusions: Author concluded that Aortic Valve diseases is significantly related to- the development of diastolic dysfunction and the DD is influenced by severity of AV diseases.


Keywords


Diastolic function, Disease, Heart, Valve

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References


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