DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20195902

Haematological profile of sickle cell patients attending tertiary health care centre of southern odisha: a cross sectional study

Samira K. Behera, Sonali Kar, Monali Kar

Abstract


Background: Sickle Cell Disorder (SCD) is a major health problem in India. After introduction of High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) in MKCG Medical College, this study is first of its kind to describe haemoglobin variants of SCD. The aim of the study was to document haematological profile and pattern of haemoglobin variants in SCD patients.

Methods: A Hospital based cross sectional study was conducted in Pathology department, MKCG medical college from October 2018 to May 2019. Sickle cell patients were included and patients in Sickle cell crisis or transfused with blood in last 3 months were excluded. Hematological indices were measured by Sysmex XT 2000i blood analyzer. Quantification of hemoglobin variants was done by HPLC. All data were analyzed using SPSS and Independent t-test was applied.

Results: In this study 100 heterozygous and 116 homozygous cases were reported. In homozygous cases Hb were significantly low and MCV, MCH, RDW-CV were significantly high than heterozygous. Hb level was significantly lower in homozygous children. Hb F was significantly higher in children and homozygous cases. A significant positive correlation was seen between Hb and RBC in both cases.

Conclusions: In homozygous cases moderate anaemia (microcytic hypochromic to normocytic hypochromic) with High Hb F and in heterozygous cases mild anaemia (microcytic hypochromic) dominated the haematological profile. Children were significantly more anaemic than adults in homozygous cases. Anisocytosis was significantly more in homozygous cases and pediatric age group. Average fetal Haemoglobin variant (Hb F) was significantly more in homozygous cases and lower in adult group in both homo and heterozygous cases.


Keywords


Anaemia, Fetal hemoglobin, Hemoglobin variant, High-performance liquid chromatography, Sickle cell disease

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