DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20200777

Factors influencing addiction in female population of an urban slum area

Ashwini Baburao Sapkal, Swati Rajesh Deshpande

Abstract


Background: The use of certain licit substances like alcohol, tobacco and illicit substances like cocaine, amphetamine, cannabis, etc is termed as substance abuse. Globally, the most prevalent form of tobacco use in women is cigarette smoking. But, in low- and middle-income countries use of smokeless forms is quite common. Aim of the study was to study the factors influencing drug and tobacco addiction in the female population of an urban slum area.

Methods: Community-based cross-sectional study conducted on 577 female participants in urban slums of a metropolitan city. A pre-validated semi-structured questionnaire was used. Data analysis was done in SPSS version 22.0 (IBM). Descriptive statistics and chi-square tests for associations were used.

Results: The mean age of participants was 44.84±14.99 years and the mean age of onset of addiction was 21.51±6.47 years. Around 70.7% of women were tobacco chewers, 9.4% were smoking bidis and 15.8%were addicted to alcohol. Addiction is the subject of conflict in families of 70(12.1%) women. A most common source of information about the harmful effects of addiction was television and tobacco packets. Almost all women i.e. 555(96.2%) knew that oral cancer was a harmful effect of addiction. Willingness to quit an addiction was seen in 45.8%of women.

Conclusions: Addiction in females is a major public health problem which is compounded by their lack of knowledge.


Keywords


Addiction, Drugs, Substance abuse, Tobacco

Full Text:

PDF

References


Lex BW. Gender and cultural influences on substance abuse. In: RM Eisler & M. Hersen (Eds.), Handbook of gender, culture, and health. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers; 2000:255-297.

Tuchman E. Women and addiction: the importance of gender issues in substance abuse research. J Addictive Dis. 2010 Apr 16;29(2):127-38.

Crane D, Marcotte M, Applegate M, Massatti R, Hurst M, Menegay M, et al. A statewide quality improvement (QI) initiative for better health outcomes and family stability among pregnant women with opioid use disorder (OUD) and their infants. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2019 Jul 1;102:53-9.

Kakrani VA, Kulkarni PY, Khedkar DT, Bhawalkar JS. Perceptions and practices of smokeless tobacco use in the form of mishri among rural women above 10 years of age in Pune, Maharashtra, India. Inter J Med Public Health. 2015;5(2).

Mohammad Y, Kakah M, Mohammad Y. Chronic respiratory effect of narguileh smoking compared with cigarette smoking in women from the East Mediterranean region. Inter J Chronic Obstruct Pulmonary Dis. 2008 Sep;3(3):405.

Khalil J, Afifi R, Fouad FM, Hammal F, Jarallah Y, Mohamed M, et al. Women and waterpipe tobacco smoking in the eastern Mediterranean region: allure or offensiveness. Women Health. 2013 Jan 1;53(1):100-16.

Caria MP, Bellocco R, Zambon A, Horton NJ, Galanti MR. Overweight and perception of overweight as predictors of smokeless tobacco use and of cigarette smoking in a cohort of Swedish adolescents. Addiction. 2009 Apr;104(4):661-8.

Leatherdale ST, Wong SL, Manske SR, Colditz GA. Susceptibility to smoking and its association with physical activity, BMI, and weight concerns among youth. Nicotine Tob Res. 2008 Mar;10(3):499-505.

Logan TK, Walker R, Cole J, Leukefeld C. Victimization and substance abuse among women: Contributing factors, interventions, and implications. Rev General Psychol. 2002 Dec;6(4):325-97.

Gururaj G. Women and alcohol use in India. Alcohol, Gender Drinking Problems. 2005:89.

Joshi D, Rathore BS. Women Substance Abuse a Rising Problem in India. Inter J Ind Psychol. 2017;4(3):9.

Purna SK, Harshal TP, Tejashree AK. Addictions among Rural areas of India: a Community Based Study. Glob J Add Rehab Med. 2017;3(4):555619.

Shah BK, Nepal AK, Agrawal M, Sinha AK. The effects of cigarette smoking on hemoglobin levels compared between smokers and non-smokers. Sunsari Tech Coll J. 2012;1(1):42-4.

Back SE, Payne RL, Simpson AN, Brady KT. Gender and prescription opioids: Findings from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Addict Behav 2010;35(11):1001-7.

Lapeyre-Mestre M, Sulem P, Niezborala M, Ngoundo-Mbongue TB, Briand-Vincens D, Jansou P, et al. Taking drugs in the working environment: a study in a sample of 2106 workers in the Toulouse metropolitan area. Therapie. 2004;59(6):615-23.

World Health Organization (Regional Office for South-East Asia). Burden and Socio-economic Impact of Alcohol: The Bangalore Study. New Delhi, India: World Health Organization; 2006. Available at: https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/204856. Accessed 19 March 2019.

International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS) Mumbai:, Macro International (2007) National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), India 2005-2006 Volume II. Available at: https://dhsprogram.com/pubs/pdf/frind3/frind3-vol1andvol2.pdf. Accessed 8 April 2019.

FS Mehta, JE Hamner III. Published by the Basic Dental Research Unit, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research Bombay. Distributed by Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers Ltd, EMCA House. British J Oral Maxillofacial Surg. 1995 Oct 1;33(5):336.

Sarangi L, Acharya HP, Panigrahi OP. Substance abuse among adolescents in urban slums of sambalpur. Indian J Commu Med. 2008;33:265-7.