DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20200785

Laboratory and clinical profile of dengue: a study from coaching city, Kota, India

Pankaj Jain, Om Prakash Meena, Shivcharan Jelia

Abstract


Background: Dengue, an endemic disease in most subtropical and tropical regions of the world and it causes severe epidemics in India. Dengue is one of the most common acute viral illness associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to study laboratory findings and clinical profile of patients with dengue fever at a tertiary care hospital of coaching city Kota.

Methods: This study was cross sectional study. The patients were examined at one point of time and later they were never followed which is similar to the cross-sectional study design. A total of 100 patients of dengue fever who were NS1 Antigen or IgM dengue positive, admitted to department of medicine of government medical college, Kota included in the study. Through clinical examination and relevant laboratory investigations performed in all patients.

Results: In the present study, there were 74 males and 26 females. The sex ratio was 2.8:1. Maximum number of males (50%) was in the age group of 15-25 Years. Among females the maximum (42.3%) were in the age group of 15-25 years. The most common presenting symptom was fever in all cases followed by headache in 96%. Among bleeding manifestation, Epistaxis, gum bleeding and melena (24%) were the common symptom. 47% patients showed hepatomegaly and 38% showed splenomegaly. 12% patients were anemic and 51% showed leucopenia while 93% showed thrombocytopenia.

Conclusions: Males were commonly affected. Young age group of 15-25 was more commonly affected. Fever and headache were the most common presenting symptom. As dengue causes increased morbidity and mortality and requires prompt diagnosis and treatment for the proper management of these cases, this study helps physicians in early diagnosis of dengue by suspecting the features as of dengue and can prevent morbidity and mortality associated with dengue.


Keywords


Clinical profile, Dengue, Dengue IgM, Fever, Headache

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References


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