DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20201324

A prospective study on the predictors of mechanical ventilation in organophosphate poisoning

Aravind Varma Datla, Rosaiah Duddu, Pravin Gulab Rao Maske

Abstract


Background: Organophosphorus poisoning is one of the most common poisonings often requiring ICU care and ventilatory support. The objective and aim of this study are to identify the factors which predict the need for ventilation in these patients.

Methods: 50 patients who were diagnosed to have consumed organophosphorus compound poison admitted in Konaseema Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Foundation who presented within 24 hours of consumption are included in the study. Patients with double poisonings, concomitant illnesses, chronic lung diseases and those treated outside are excluded from the study.

Results: A total number of 50 patients were studied. 18(36%) patients required ventilation. Generalized fasciculations was a discernible feature in 66% of cases in this study. 69.2% of patients with a fasciculation score of ≥4 required ventilation. Ventilation was needed by 55% of patients who had a Glasgow Coma Scale score of ≤10.

Conclusions: Patients who presented with higher fasciculation scores and/or lower GCS scores were more likely to require ventilation. Using GCS scores as a predictor for the requirement of ventilatory support in organophosphate poisoning, a GCS score ten or less was significantly associated with an increased need for ventilatory support.


Keywords


Fasciculations, Glasgow coma scale, Mechanical ventilation, Organophosphate poisoning, Predictive factors

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