DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20202906

Cardiovascular risk factors in chronic renal failure patient at Soavinandriana Hospital Antananarivo

Lucas Z. Randimbinirina, Fanomezantsoa H. Randrianandrianina, Tsirimalala Rajaobelison, Jean Claude A. Rakotoarisoa, Agnes M. L. Ravalisoa

Abstract


Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the primary cause of morbidity and premature mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD). The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular risk in haemodialysis population for chronic kidney disease.

Methods: This was a retrospective and descriptive study for a period of 4 years from January 2016 to December 2019, performed at hemodialysis unit in Soavinandriana Hospital Center Antananarivo, including all patients, following regular hemodialysis for chronic renal failure. Demographic data, cardiovascular disease, cardiovascular risk factors, aetiology of nephropathy, haemoglobin <11 g/dl, phosphocalcic metabolism disorders and uricemia were analyzed.

Results: Seventy-six patients were recorded, including 46 males (60.52%) and were women (39.47%). The average age was 59.98 years old. The risk factors of cardiovascular disease were smoking (22.36%), diabetes mellitus (46.05%), high blood pressure (71.05%), dyslipidemia (47.36%) and obesity (11.84%). Fifty-eight patients (76.31%) had a high cardiovascular risk factor. Seventy patients (22.36%) had had a history of cardiovascular diseases. Fifty-nine patients had a haemoglobin concentration under 11 g/dl (77.63%). There were 23 cases of hypocalcemia (30.26%), 22 cases of hyperphosphatemia (28.94%) and 37 cases of hyperuricemia (48.68%).

Conclusions: There was a high cardiovascular risk factor in this study population. Early detection of cardiovascular diseases should be done in patients who have a high-risk factor of cardiovascular disease to decrease the mortality rate in chronic kidney diseases population. The appropriate management of modifiable risk factors is important to improve the survival of this study patients.


Keywords


Cardiovascular risk factors, Chronic kidney disease, Diabetes mellitus, Haemodialysis, High blood pressure

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