DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20161735

Research barriers from the viewpoint of faculty members and students of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Iran, 2014

Esmaeil Farzaneh, Firouz Amani, Yasamin Molavi Taleghani, Afshin Fathi, Fariba Kahnamouei-aghdam, Ghasem Fatthzadeh-Ardalani

Abstract


Background: Due to its role in identifying educational, research, health problems and providing a solution to prevail upon the problems related to public health, the research in the Medical Sciences University has a special importance. The present research aims to determine the restraining factors of doing research from the viewpoint of professors and students of the Medical Sciences University of Ardabil; it was conducted in 2014.

Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 250 individuals from between the professors (50 individuals) and students (200 individuals) of the various academic disciplines of medical sciences were selected by way of completely random sampling. The data collection tool was a researcher-made questionnaire containing 3 parts: demographic information, individual barriers (10 questions) and organizational and environmental barriers (25 questions) based on the binary scale (Yes or No). By using the descriptive statistics and student t-test, data were analyzed with the significance level of 0.05, in the software SPSS19.

Results: In the area of organizational factors, the most important restraining factor of the research activities of students was the lack of access to information sources (73.2%) and in the area of individual factors the main obstacle was lack of domination in English (68.6%). Also, the administrative restrictive regulations (73.3%) as the most important organizational restraining factor and lack of time due to job preoccupation (68.9%) as the main individual barrier were recognized for doing research in view of professors. There is not any statistical significant difference between the view of students under study in all the influential individual barriers other than the being unimportant of research from my view and having the negative attitude towards the research works in the view of professors. Also, there is a significant difference between students’ view in all effective organizational barriers other than lack of research in the chapter heading of courses of most of fields and the professors’ view. In total the score of organizational barriers was more than that of the individual barriers.

Conclusions: Organizational barriers and personal barriers have an important role in doing the research in the Medical Sciences University of Ardabil; these barriers can be passed through. The availability of consulting forces and sufficient and necessary counseling, teaching know-how and attitude correction, compensating the lack of facilities and equipment, creating the motivation by the authorities and educating and empowering as executive working procedures are recommended for overcoming the research barriers in the universities.


Keywords


Individual barriers, Organizational barriers, Research, student, Faculty member, Medical Sciences

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