DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20161769

Single dose surfactant early rescue therapy in respiratory distress syndrome-experience and outcome at a tertiary care centre

Keerti Swarnkar, Manish Swarnkar

Abstract


Background: Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a progressive respiratory failure that is caused primarily by a deficiency of pulmonary surfactants (PS). We undertook a prospective study to evaluate outcomes of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) patients treated with early rescue pulmonary surfactant.

Methods: This was a prospective cross sectional study conducted at level III NICU. A total of 47 eligible  patients out of 142 diagnosed RDS on chest x-ray or FiO2 ≥40 was needed to reach SpO2 between 85 and 93%  received early recue surfactant therapy (within 2hrs of life) and  maternal ,neonatal and clinical data was analysed using SPSS software.

Results: In this study prevalence of RDS amongst neonates admitted in NICU was 16.4%, early rescue surfactant therapy could be given only to 47 cases. There was male predominance (2.62:1). Mean age of administration of surfactant was 1.30±0.8 hr and Antenatal steroid was given in only 21.3% of mothers. Fraction of inspired oxygen concentration (Fio2) requirement also significantly decreases before and after therapy (p value˂0.0001) at 6,12, and 24 hrs. PEEP also shows decreasing trend at 24 hrs (p value ˂0.05). Sepsis was the commonest complication leading to mortality.

Conclusion: Implementation of early rescue administration of surfactant in infants at high risk for developing RDS in neonatal ICU is a safe and effective modality of respiratory support which decreases ventilatory requirements, improves respiratory status, and causes early extubation.

 


Keywords


Respiratory distress syndrome, Early rescue, Surfactant, Ventilatory parameters, Fraction of inspired oxygen

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