DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20204446

Pancreatic window and open necrosectomy; a surgical alternative for walled-off pancreatic necrosis in a second level hospital in Mexico

Pedro A. Alvarado-Bahena, Enrique Chavez-Serna, Jonatan Salgado-Vives, Uraik F. Hernandez-Bustos, Dante A. Saldivar-Vera, Landy L. Mendoza-Morales, Pedro A. Espinosa de los Monteros-Moranchel

Abstract


Walled-off pancreatic necrosis is defined as a necrotic collection with a defined wall, which generally occurs in 15% of patients in the fourth week after acute pancreatitis. Actually, open surgery is reserved for selected cases, with minimally invasive treatments such as image-assisted percutaneous drainage or endoscopic ultrasound being the procedures of choice. However, in developing countries the open approach continues to be an effective therapeutic alternative. We present the case of a 47-year-old male patient with no significant history who developed severe acute pancreatitis secondary to hypertriglyceridemia and who later developed walled-off pancreatic necrosis as a late complication. As a treatment, a debridement of the necrotic tissue with marsupialization was performed using the bradley III technique, secondary to the procedure, a pancreatic fistula was developed. After 8 weeks of hospitalization, in which he had a favourable response to surgical treatment, with spontaneous closure of the fistula without complications. Surgical management of late complications of acute pancreatitis remains controversial. Although minimally invasive procedures are the first option nowadays, in developing countries, open necrosectomy remains a good option for the treatment of these types of complications.


Keywords


Acute pancreatitis, Pancreatic necrosis, Acute necrotizing, Surgery, Disconnected pancreatic duct syndrome, Hypertriglyceridemia

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