DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20211353

Incidence of depression among nurses in Kashmir valley

Saleem Yousuf, Tabasum Dilawar, Ifshana Iliyas

Abstract


Background: In 2017, 197 million Indians were suffering from mental disorders, of whom 46 million had depression. In Kashmir, 41% have been identified as having probable depression. Depression is one of the most frequently diagnosed mental illness which is characterized by feelings of sadness, loss of energy, motivation, concentration, changes in appetite, changes in sleep, etc. Depression is known to impact work performance, their colleagues and potentially on the quality of care provided to patients. Nursing, a loyal profession, is considered as one of the most susceptible profession to depression. This study was conducted with the aim of finding the incidence of depression among Nurses.

Methods: A descriptive, cross sectional study was conducted on 200 Nurses collected by using convenient sampling from different hospitals in Srinagar district of Kashmir Valley in order to assess the incidence of Depression among them. Depression was diagnosed by following Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-5 (DSM-5) criteria and assessment was done on the bases of age, gender, marital status, family type and residence.

Results: Majority of the Nurses were found to be females (68%), above 30 years (64%), belonged to nuclear family (69%), married (71%) and residing in rural areas (64%). As for as incidence of depression is concerned, 134 (67%) Nurses were found to be having symptoms of depression.

Conclusions: Most of the Nurses were diagnosed with depression that has a negative impact on the patient care. Thus, there is a dire need for screening of the Nurses and thus early detection of affected one's.


Keywords


Depression, Nurses, Mental disorder

Full Text:

PDF

References


Coulehan JL, Block MR. The Medical Interview: Mastering skills for clinical practice, 5th Ed. F. A. Davis. 2005.

Dunphy LM, Winland-Brown JE. Primary care: The art and science of advanced practice nursing. 2011.

Poursadeghiyan M, Moghimian M, Amjad RN, Baneshi MM, Yari A, Noroozi M et al. Effects on job stress on Iranian clinical nurses. Ann Trop Med Public Health. 2017;10:985-8.

Wikipedia contributors. Nursing. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 16:33, December 11, 2020, Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/ w/index.php?title=Nursing&oldid=993386239). Accessed on 10th December, 2020.

DeLucia PR, Ott TE, Palmieri PA. Performance in nursing. Rev Hum Factors Ergon. 2009;5:1e40.

Chang EM, Hancock KM, Johnson A, Daly J, Jackson D. Role stress in nurses: review of related factors and strategies for moving forward. Nurs Health Sci. 2005;7:57e65.

Nicoletti C, Müller C, Hayashi C, Nakaseko M, Tobita I, L€aubli T. Circadian rhythm of heart rate and physical activity in nurses during day and night shifts. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2015;115:1313e1320.

Gong Y, Han T, Yin X, Yang G, Zhuang R, Chen Y et al. Prevalence of depressive symptoms and work-related risk factors among nurses in public hospitals in southern China: A cross-sectional study. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7109.

Pikó B. Work-related stress among nurses: A challenge for health care institutions. J R Soc Promot Health. 1999;119:156-162.

Lim J, Bogossian F, Ahern K. Stress and coping in Australian nurses: A systematic review. Int Nurs Rev. 2010;57:22-31.

Letvak S, Ruhm CJ, McCoy T. Depression in hospital-employed nurses. Clin. Nurse Spec. 2012;26:177-182.

Stetz MC, Thomas ML, Russo MB, Stetz TA, Wildzunas RM, McDonald JJ, Wiederhold BK, Romano JA. Stress, mental health, and cognition: A brief review of relationships and countermeasures. Aviat. Space Environ. Med. 2007;78:B252-B260.

Chiang YM, Chang Y. Stress, depression, and intention to leave among nurses in different medical units: Implications for healthcare management/nursing practice. Health Policy. 2012;108:149-157.

Buchanan, J. "Global nursing shortages". BM. 2002;324(7340):751-2.

Blackmore ER, Stansfeld SA, Weller I, Munce S, Zagorski BM, Stewart DE. Major depressive episodes and work stress: results from a national population survey. Am J Public Health. 2007;97(11):2088-2093.

Melchior M, Caspl A, Milne BJ, Danese A, Poulton R, Moffitt TE. Work stress precipitates depression and anxiety in young, working women and men. Psychol Med. 2007;37(8):1119-1129.

Maslow AH. Toward a psychology of being. Princeton, Van Nostrand NJ. 1968.

National Alliance on Mental Illness. Depression. 2015. http://www.nami.org/Learn-More/Mental-Health-Conditions/Depression. Accessed on 10th Decembe, 2020.

National Institute of Mental Health. What is depression? 2014. Available at: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/depression/index.shtml. Accessed on 10th December, 2020.

Sadock BJ, Sadock VA, Ruiz P. Synopsis of Psychiatry - Behavioral sciences/clinical psychiatry. 11th Ed. Wolters Kluwer. 2015;755-757.

Atindanbila S, Abasimi E, Anim T. A Study of Work Related Depression, Anxiety, and Stress of Nurses at Pantang Hospital in Ghana. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences. 2012

World health organisation. Depression and other common mental disorders. Global Health Estimates. 2017. WHO/MSD/MER/2017.2. Accessed on 10th December, 2020.

Medecins sans frontieres - Doctors without borders. MSF scientific survey: 45% of Kashmiri population experiencing mental distress. May 18. 2016. India. https://www.msfindia.in/msf-scientific-survey-45-kashmiri-population-experiencing-mental-distress/. Accessed on 10th December, 2020.

Atindanbila S, Abasimi E, Anim T. A Study of Work Related Depression, Anxiety, and Stress of Nurses at Pantang Hospital in Ghana. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences. 2012.

Schmidt DRC, Dantas RAS, Marziale MHP. Anxiety and depression among nursing professionals who work in surgical units. Rev Esc Enferm USP. 2011;45(2):475-81.

Amin T. Mental Health: Neglected for far too long. JK Practitioner. 2005;12(1):38-42.

Nyamwata J, Kokonya D, Odera P and Sanga PK. Prevalence of Depression and Related Socio Demographic Factors Among Nurses Working at Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital, Uasin Gishu County, Eldoret. J Psychiatry Mental Disord. 2017;2(1):1007.

Gherardi-Donato EC, Cardoso L, Teixeira CA, Pereira Sde S, Reisdorfer E. Association between depression and work stress in nursing professionals with technical education level. Rev Lat Am Enfermagem. 2015;23(4):733-740.

Sadock BJ, Sadock VA, Ruiz P. Kaplan and Sadock's comprehensive textbook of Psychiatry. Wolters Kluwer. edition 10. Volume 3:1649-1650.

Jammu and Kashmir Population Census Data 2011

Taqui AM, Ahmed I, Qidwai W, Qadri Z. Depression in the elderly: Does family system play a role? A cross-sectional study. BMC Psychiatry. 2007;7:57.

Naik AR. Impact of conflict on mental health with special reference to Kashmir Valley. Int J Indian Psychol. 2016;4:76.

Xie N, Qin Y, Wang T, Zeng Y, Deng X, Guan L. Prevalence of depressive symptoms among nurses in China: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS ONE. 2020;15(7):e0235448.