DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20212227

Dynamics of contraceptive use among women attending multi-speciality hospital in Faridabad district of Haryana

Shweta Mendiratta, Bhushan D. Kamble, Pooja Chaudhary Thukral

Abstract


Background: Population of India is growing at a very fast rate while its resources are limited which will lead to decrease in per capita availability of resources. Contraceptive methods are the simplest way to address this issue of population explosion by preventing the unwanted pregnancies. The objective of this study was to assess awareness and practices regarding contraceptive use and its determinants among women attending gynecology OPD of multi-specialty hospital in Faridabad district of Haryana.  

Methods: A cross-sectional study was planned among 200 patients from gynecology OPD in a multi-specialty hospital of Faridabad district of Haryana. The questionnaire consisted of questions about socio-demographic data and data related contractive awareness and practices. Data was analyzed by SPSS software version 21.0.

Results: Mean age of study subjects was 29.4±4.3 years. Out of 200 participants, about one fourth (77.5%) were aware about contraception and more than half (59.5%) of them were using contraception methods. Factors like age and education status, occupation and area of residence were found to be statistically significantly (p<0.001) associated with contraception knowledge and practice. Barrier method was most common method of contraception followed by Oral contraceptive pills.

Conclusions: This study concludes that knowledge about contraception was high as about one fourth (77.5%) were aware about contraception while practice of contraception was relatively low as compare to knowledge as two fifth (40.5%) of them were not using any contraception methods. So, there is a need to increase awareness about importance of contraception practice among study population.


Keywords


Contraception, Knowledge, Practice, Adult women

Full Text:

PDF

References


Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner. Provisional Population Totals: India Census 2011. New Delhi: Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, 2011. Available at: https://censusindia.gov.in/2011-pro. Accessed on 1 March 2021.

United Nations. The Millennium Development Goals Report 2015, 2015. Available at: https://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/2015_MDG_Report/. Accessed on 1 March 2021.

International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS). 1995. National Family Health Survey (MCH and Family Planning), India 1992-93. Available at: http://rchiips.org/nfhs/. Accessed on 1 March 2021.

Family Planning 2020 and Government of India. Family Planning 2020 Commitment, 2017. Available at: https://www.familyplanning2020.org/sites/default/files/Indias-Vision-FP2020-structure_country-commitment2017. Accessed on 1 March 2021.

International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS). 2017. National Family Health Survey (NFHS4), India 2015-16. Available at: http://rchiips.org/nfhs/nfhs-4Reports/India. Accessed on 1 March 2021.

WHO, Department of Making Pregnancy Safer and Department of Reproductive Health and Research. Standards for maternal and neonatal care. Geneva: WHO; 2007.

WHO. Ensuring Human Rights in the Provision of Contraceptive Information and Services: Guidance and Recommendations. Geneva: WHO; 2014.

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Family Planning Division. India’s ‘Vision FP2020’. New Delhi: Government of India, 2014. Available at: https://advancefamilyplanning.org/sites/default/files/resources/FP2020-Vision-Document%20India. Accessed on 1 March 2021.

Shekhar R, Bhar D, Singh C. Awareness, Knowledge and Practices of Contraceptive Methods among Married Males of Slums of Phulwarisharif block of Patna District, Bihar. Indian J Comm Health. 2019;31(2):236-43.

Mohanan P, Kamath A, Sajjan BS. Fertility pattern and family planning practices in a rural area in Dakshina Kannada. Indian J Comm Med. 2003;28(1):15-8.

Potdar PA, Raikar VA, Potdar AB. Socio-demographic Determinants of Contraceptive Use among Married Women from Urban Area of North Karnataka. Ind J Pub Health Res Dev. 2015:6(4):109-13.

Rabbanie TW, Imrose R, Sheikh SN, Hibba D. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of family planning services among healthcare workers in Kashmir- A cross-sectional study. J Family Med Prim Care 2019;8(4):1319-25.

Kaushal SK, Saxena SC, Srivastava VK, Gupta SC, Nigam S. KAP study on contraceptive methods in Kanpur district in UP. Indian J Comm Health. 2010;21(2):33-3.

Bhasin SK, Pant M, Metha M, Kumar S. Prevalence of usage of different contraceptive methods in East Delhi-A Cross Sectional Study. Indian J Comm Med. 2005;30(2):53-5.

Vaidya VG, Sahasrabudhe BG, Jogi JA, Mitkar RP. Profile of sterilized women in urban slums and evaluation of motivational strategies. Indian J Pub Health. 2003;47(1):31-3.

Nayak AU, Ramakrishnan KG, Venkateswar KN, Vijayshree M. Assessing the knowledge, attitude and practice of contraception in rural India: A necessary step in achieving population control. Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gyneco. 2017;6:3328-31.

Sharma V, Mohan U, Das V, Awasthi S. Socio demographic determinants and knowledge, attitude, practice: survey of family planning. J Family Med Prim Care. 2012;1(1):43-7.

Gambhir P, Khaira R, Singh A, Raj H. A cross-sectional observational pilot study regarding status of contraceptive prevalence ratein family planning programme in rural practice area of government medical college Patiala. J Den Med Sci. 2018;17:35-40.

Donati S, Sharma N, Medda E, Grandolfo M. Family planning knowledge attitude and practice (KAP) survey in Manipur state. J Obst Gynecol Ind. 2003;53(5):485-90.

Mohanan P, Kamath A, Sajjan BS. Fertility pattern and family planning practices in a rural area in Dakshina Kannada. Indian J Comm Med. 2003;28(1):15-8.