Management and outcome assessment of pregnancy-related acute kidney injury in Western India: a single centred, prospective, observational study

Vipul Gattani, Maulin K. Shah


Background: Pregnancy-related acute kidney injury (PRAKI) remains a large public health problem, with decreasing incidences in developing countries like India. However, some single centred studies from United States and Canada revealed an increasing incidence of PRAKI. This increase could be due to higher rates of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy.

Methods: To assess the management and outcome of PRAKI. In this prospective, observational study, total 1021 cases of acute renal failure were observed.

Results: 96 (9.4%) were of obstetric origin and enrolled as per inclusion criteria. Regarding management of PRAKI, 78 out of 96 (81.25%) required haemodialysis. 67 (69.79%) among them were managed with intermittent haemodialysis (IHD) while 10 (10.41%) who had hypotension at presentation were dialysed with slow, low efficiency dialysis (SLED). Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) was done in 1 (10.4%) patient. Maternal mortality in this PRAKI study was 19 of 96 patients (19.79%). Sepsis accounted for 52.63% of deaths. Foetal death was observed in 58 out of 96 patients (60.41%) comprising of intrauterine death in 55 (55.29%) and abortion in 3 (3.13%) patients. 38 of 96 (39.58%) patients gave birth to live born child out of which 27 were at full term and 11 were preterm.

Conclusions: In order to avoid further increase in PRAKI in India, treating obstetrician should remain aware of management and outcome of PRAKI. The better awareness of diagnosis and management protocols will ultimately lead to further reduction in prevalence of PRAKI in our country.


Pregnancy-related acute kidney injury, Maternal mortality, Foetal mortality, Haemodialysis

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