DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20212248

Early diagnosis and treatment of hydatidiform mole in adolescent pregnant woman

Putu Harrista Indra Pramana, Kaspan Kaspan

Abstract


Hydatidiform mole belongs to the spectrum of gestational trophoblastic disorders in which abnormal conception leads to excess placental tissue formation in the absence of fetal development. The incidence of hydatidiform mole is quite rare so that not all experienced clinicians handle this case in clinical experience. Therefore, we present a case of hydatidiform mole in an adolescent patient. A 14-year-old primigravida woman, unemployed, with elementary school education, with a gestational age of 16 weeks went to the ER with complaints of vaginal bleeding for 2 days. Physical examination found the fundal height at umbilicus, abdominal tenderness, accompanied by vaginal bloody discharge. Complete blood count found mild normochromic anemia with increased levels of T3 and decreased TSH. Ultrasound imaging found a typical vesicular pattern of a hydatidiform mole. Treatment of molar evacuation by curettage and drainage was carried out one day after presentation and obtained 600 grams of molar tissue. The patient underwent 24 hours of post-operative observation before being discharged in a stable state. The patient presented with a typical clinical appearance of hydatidiform mole. Ultrasound imaging reveals a typical complete hydatidiform mole accompanied by anemia and hyperthyroxinemic which may accompany hydatidiform mole. Evacuation was carried out according to clinical guidelines and the patient was discharged in a good condition.


Keywords


Hydatidiform mole, Pregnancy bleeding, Teenage pregnancy, High risk pregnancy

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References


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