DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20213408

Study of occurrence of childhood hypertension in school going children attending pediatrics OPD in Moradabad city

Monika Khari, Anshuman Srivastava

Abstract


Background: In developed countries, childhood hypertension is a proven indicator of adult hypertension and organ damage and is estimated to be great concern. This study was conducted to assess the occurrence of childhood hypertension in school going children attending pediatrics OPD.

Methods: An observational study was performed at TMMC and RC among 500 school going children attending pediatrics OPD in TMMC and RC over a period of 1 year. Socio-demographic variables including age, gender, family history of hypertension, parental smoking habits were recorded in a proforma. Dietary habits including consumption of junk food, fruits and daily calorie intake was evaluated utilizing number of times diet intake questionnaire and 24 hour recall method. Height was measured by stadiometer with candidate posing in bare feet. Weight assessment was done with bare footed and candidate clad in light clothing with weighing instrument of electronic type rounded to nearest unit.

Results: Elevated blood pressure and hypertension was reported among 9.4% and 6.8% of the subjects respectively. High blood pressure was significantly associated with presence of family history, stress and lack daily physical activity. Chances of elevated blood pressure and hypertension increase along with the increase in subject height, weight and BMI.

Conclusions: Performing the BP measurements in routine consultations becomes essential for diagnosis and early intervention.


Keywords


Blood pressure, Diet, Exercise, BMI

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